Dr. Helene Kreysa

Post Doctoral Researcher

Phone: +49 (0)3641 945 980

Fax: +49 (0)3641 9 45182

Email: helene.kreysa [at] uni-jena.de

Address: Leutragraben 1, 18th floor, Room 18-N07

Curriculum Vitae

Education

  • Ph.D. in Psychology, 2009, University of Edinburgh, UK.
  • Magister Artium in Linguistics, Sociology and Psychology, 2005, Westf. Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Germany.
  • Dipl.-Psych., 2004, Westf. Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Germany.

Positions

  • 10/2012 – today: Post-doctoral researcher, Department of Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Germany.
  • 05/2009 – 10/2012: Post-doctoral researcher, Cognitive Interaction Technology Center of Excellence (CITEC), Bielefeld University, Germany.
  • 09/2005 – 08/2009: Doctoral student in Psychology of Language, University of Edinburgh, Germany.
  • 01/2001 – 08/2005: Research assistant, Institute for Psychology II, Westf. Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Germany.

Grants and Scholarships

  • 2011: Grant from the Faculty of Linguistics and Literature, Bielefeld University, for organising a statistics and methods workshop (Bielefeld Spring School on Mixed Models, BiMM, 2012).
  • 2005-2008: Doctoral studentship from the School of Philosophy, Psychology, and Language Sciences (PPLS), Edinburgh; several competitive PPLS Small Grants.

Professional societies and activities

  • 2010-2012: Non-tenured member of the Scientific Board for the Cognitive Interaction Technology Center of Excellence (CITEC), Bielefeld University.
  • 2011: Co-organisation of the ZiF-Workshop on Embodied and Situated Language Processing (ESLP), Bielefeld.

Invited talks:

  • 2012: “Effects of speaker gaze during sentence production on comprehenders’ attention and understanding”. Leipzig University: Joint research colloquium of the departments of Experimental Psychology & Methods, Cognitive Psychology, and Cognitive incl. Biological Psychology, invited by Prof. Dr. J. Jescheniak.
  • 2009: “Gaze Projection: The advantage of knowing where a speaker is looking”. Saarland University: Psycholinguistics group , invited by Prof. Dr. M.W. Crocker.

Reviewing for scientific journals:

  • Cognition / Cognitive Processing / Frontiers in Psychology / Journal of Memory and Language / PLoS ONE / Swiss Journal of Psychology / Universitas Psychologica

Membership in scientific societies:

  • Association for Psychological Science (APS); Society for the Teaching of Psychology; BBS Associate; Bund Deutscher Psychologen; Gesellschaft für Bedrohte Sprachen

Main research interests

My primary scientific interest is the intricate interplay between visual attention and spoken language processing – how what a person is looking at relates to the utterances they and their conversational partners are producing and understanding.

The main focus of my current research is on how the visibility of a speaker’s gaze can make it easier to comprehend what he or she is saying. I am especially interested in how such a gaze benefit comes about; which specific aspects of sentence processing it affects; and whether it is a general effect or only occurs in certain situations. Apart from addressing theoretically important issues concerning human language use in natural contexts, these questions have implications for technologically mediated communication, language acquisition and second language learning, as well as disorders with an attentional component.

Proceeding roughly along a continuum from visual to linguistic, here are some other topics I have worked on and/or am interested in:

  • ultra-rapid perception and the uptake of scene gist
  • specific characteristics of processing natural scenes, virtual environments, and sparse displays
  • spatial indexing during and after processing a visual stimulus
  • shared attention and joint intention: what are they, and what not?
  • anticipatory eye movements and prediction in language and during natural tasks
  • use of non-linguistic cues (gaze direction, facial emotion,…) for language processing
  • interactive alignment and the role of coordination in dialogue
  • the role of verbs and actions in sentence processing; what constitutes an event?
  • syntactic priming in comprehension and production
  • semantic classification and categorisation.

In addition to behavioural methods of experimental psychology I work primarily with eyetracking (SMI and EyeLink) and take a keen interest in recent methodological debates on how to analyse this data.

Publications

Papers in peer-reviewed journals:

Kreysa H (in press). Preparing to be punched: Prediction may not always require inference of intentions [Commentary]. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 35(3).

Knoeferle P, Kreysa H (2012). Can speaker gaze modulate syntactic structuring and thematic role assignment during spoken sentence comprehension? Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 538. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00538

Kreysa H, Pickering MJ (under revision). Integrating speaker gaze with online sentence comprehension: What role does parallel attention play in understanding language?

Arai M, Kreysa H, Haywood SL, Pickering MJ (under revision). How language mediates between mind and eye in comprehension and production.

Edited book chapters:

Kreysa H, Pickering MJ (2011). Eye movements in dialogue. In S.P. Liversedge, I.D. Gilchrist, & S. Everling (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements (p. 943-959). Oxford: OUP.

Dobel C, Glanemann R, Kreysa H, Zwitserlood P, Eisenbeiss S (2011). Visual encoding of coherent and non-coherent scenes. In J. Bohnemeyer & E. Pedersen (Eds.), Event Representation in Language: Encoding Events at the Language-Cognition Interface (p. 189-215). Cambridge: CUP.

Conference papers:

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (in press). Reference-related speaker gaze as a cue in online sentence processing. In A. Kluge & D. Söffker (Eds.): Menschen, Teams, Systeme und Automaten. Duisburg: DuEPublico.de.

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2011). Effects of speaker gaze on spoken language comprehension: Task matters. In L. Carlson, C. Hoelscher, & T. Shipley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p. 1557-1562). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2011). Peripheral speaker gaze facilitates spoken language comprehension: Syntactic structuring and thematic role assignment in German. In B. Kokinov, A. Karmiloff-Smith, & N.J. Nersessian (Eds.), European Perspectives on Cognitive Science: Proceedings of the European Conference on Cognitive Science 2011. Sofia, BU: New Bulgarian University Press.

Conference presentations (selection):

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2012). Reference-related speaker gaze as a cue in online sentence processing. Talk at the “2.Interdisziplinärer Workshop Kognitive Systeme: Mensch, Teams, Systeme und Automaten”, September 2012, Duisburg, Germany.

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2012). Context effects on listener eye movements during spoken sentence comprehension: Speaker gaze and experimental task. Poster at the 18th Conference on “Architectures and Mechanisms of Language Processing” (AMLaP), September 2012, Riva del Garda, Italy.

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2011). Effects of comprehension task and speaker gaze on listeners’ allocation of attention in the visual world. Poster at the 17th AMLaP, September 2011, Paris, France.

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2011). Differences in comprehension task affect the processing of a speaker’s gaze direction. Poster at the 4th workshop on “Embodied and Situated Language Processing” (ESLP), August 2011, Bielefeld, Germany.

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2011). Effects of speaker gaze on spoken language comprehension: Task matters. Talk at the 33rd annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society, July 2011, Boston, MA.

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2011). Peripheral speaker gaze facilitates spoken language comprehension: Syntactic structuring and thematic role assignment in German. Talk at the European Conference on Cognitive Science, May 2011, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2010). Using speaker gaze for syntactic structuring in language comprehension. Talk at the 10th Biannual Meeting of the German Society for Cognitive Science (KogWis), October 2010, Potsdam, Germany.

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2010). Using speaker gaze for thematic role assignment in language comprehension. Talk at the Joint meeting of CSDL and ESLP, September 2010, San Diego, CA.

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2010). Facilitated sentence comprehension through speaker gaze: Reference resolution and thematic role assignment. Poster at the 16th AMLaP, September 2010, York, UK.

Kreysa H, Zwitserlood P, Bölte J, Glanemann R, Dobel C (2010). Task-specificity in allocating attention for sentence production: Naming agents and their actions. Poster at the 6th International Workshop on Language Production, September 2010, Edinburgh, UK.

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2010). Verwendung des Sprecherblicks zur syntaktischen Strukturierung beim Sprachverstehen. Talk at the “Tagung experimentell arbeitender Psychologen” (TeaP), March 2010, Saarbrücken, Germany.

Kreysa H, Pickering MJ, Haywood SL, Henderson JM (2009). Projecting speaker’s gaze: Effects on listeners’ comprehension of object descriptions. Talk at the 2nd conference of the Swedish Association for Language and Cognition (SALC), June 2009, Stockholm, Sweden.

Kreysa H, Pickering MJ, Haywood SL, Henderson JM (2009). Gaze Projection – Ich sehe, was der Sprecher sieht: Auswirkungen auf das Verständnis von Objektbeschreibungen. Talk at TeaP, March 2009, Jena, Germany.

Kreysa H, Pickering MJ, Haywood SL, Henderson JM (2009). Gaze projection: The availability of speakers’ eye movements affects listeners’ comprehension of object descriptions. Poster at the 22nd CUNY conference of Sentence Processing, March 2009, Davis, CA.

Kreysa H, Pickering MJ, Haywood SL, Henderson JM (2008). Linked visual attention between speakers and listeners: Effects on the comprehension of object descriptions. Poster at the 14th AMLaP, September 2008, Cambridge, UK.

Kreysa H, Pickering MJ, Haywood SL, Arai M (2007). Eye movements in Production: The eyes precede the mouth, but where, when, and how? Poster at the 4th International Workshop on Language Production, September 2007, Münster, Germany.

Pickering MJ, Arai M, Kreysa H, Haywood SL (2007). How do the eyes reflect syntactic alignment? Talk at the joint EPS and Psychonomic Society Meetings, July 2007, Edinburgh, UK.

Arai M, Pickering MJ, Kreysa H, Haywood SL (2007). How do the eyes reflect syntactic co-ordination? Talk at the 20th CUNY conference of Sentence Processing, March 2007, San Diego, CA.

Kreysa H, Arai M, Haywood SL, Pickering MJ (2006). Does syntactic alignment affect eye-movements? Poster at the 12th AMLaP, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Kreysa H, Dobel C, Zwitserlood P. (2006). Where is the action? An eyetracking study investigating the description of photorealistic events. Poster at the 19th CUNY conference of Sentence Processing, New York, NY.

Kreysa H, Dobel C, Zwitserlood P. (2005). Benennung von Handlungen und Akteuren: Wie unterschiedliche Sprachaufgaben die visuelle Enkodierung beeinflussen. Talk at TeaP, March 2005, Regensburg, Germany.

Teaching

Bachelor-level:

  • Empirisches Forschungsseminar 1: “Sprache und Aufmerksamkeit im visuellen Kontext” (Psychology, Uni Jena, 2012/2013)
  • Empirical Methods for Psychology (University of Edinburgh, 2006/2007; 2007/2008)

  • Supervision of B.Sc. theses in Psychology (from 2012)

Master-level:

  • Seminar: “Language and Communication” (Psychology, FSU Jena, 2012/2013)
  • Research Seminar: “The influence of non-linguistic factors on real-time language comprehension” (Linguistics, Bielefeld University, 2010)
  • Tutor for Psycholinguistics modules on “Dialogue” and “Discourse processing” (Psychology, University of Edinburgh, 2007/2008)
  • Supervision of M.A. theses in Linguistics (2011-2012)

Post-graduate level:

  • Summer School stream on “Attentional mechanisms in communication” (CITEC, Bielefeld University, 2011)